The following is a transcript of a report from "Full Measure with Sharyl Attkisson." Watch the video by clicking the link at the end of the page.
Today's modern coal plants are not your daddy's coal plants. And we recently found out about a unique engineering contest being held to make them even cleaner. We're off to northeast Wyoming near the town of Gillette.
This is Dry Fork Station coal plant near Gillette, Wyoming.
Fueled by a coal mine about a mile away, it’s equipped with new technologies making it one of the cleanest and cheapest of its kind in the U.S.
Sharyl: I noticed there's no black smoke coming from the smokestack.
Jason Begger: There is not, and the cool thing about it is this is a very new power plant that employs all of the newest technologies from sulfur dioxide scrubbers, mercury controls, ash controls, all those sort of things. So, what you're seeing coming out of that stack right now is water vapor and about 12.5% CO2.
Jason Begger says the question is what can be done to erase that final 12-and-a-half percent of carbon dioxide or CO2, which is regulated as a pollutant when it’s produced by the industry. Begger is managing director of the state’s Integrated Test Center housed here where researchers can “plug and play.”
Begger: So, the Test Center, what we've done is between the stack and this building, you'll see kind of a large tube, a bluish gray tube that diagonal moves over, we're diverting about 5% of the power plant's exhaust gas into a manifold system, which is a network of pipes to allow researchers and technology developers access to that flue gas. It's the right pressures. It's the right temperature. It's real-world conditions that you just cannot model in a laboratory space.
Sharyl: When you say it's “plug and play,” what do you mean by that?
Jason Begger: So, what we've done here is we tap into the power plant, we access that flue gas, which comes into this duct here, and then we have six spots like this where it's an eight-inch duct where they can bring their technology. They tie into it. They have access to that flue gas.
Sharyl: So, they can get some dirty emissions to experiment with?
Begger: Exactly. It's exactly what it is.
Engineering teams from around the world were chosen to compete here at this site and another in Canada for the “Carbon XPRIZE.”
XPRIZE video: Today our planet’s atmosphere contains more carbon dioxide than we’ve ever seen in human history.
The goal is to see who can develop the best practical ideas to use CO2 flue gas.
XPRIZE video: But what if we didn’t have to choose between our economy and our environment? What if we could turn our carbon liability into an asset?
This solar contraption at Dry Fork is a part of the Carbon XPRIZE contest.
Mihir Gada: We call the reactor the highlight reactor.
Mihir Gada, is a process engineer for Dimensional Energy. They’re trying to turn solar energy and carbon dioxide into a marketable product used to make jet fuel.
Gada: This is a solar concentrator, which is focusing the sunlight into a small area so that it gets converted into heat and generates a huge temperature, which we can use as a reaction medium to convert carbon dioxide into a useful product. What we are producing is called “syngas,” which is an intermediate for the Fuels Industry. So syngas can be converted into liquid fuels.
Steps away, these cinder blocks are also part of the Carbon XPRIZE contest. CO2 is actually used in the concrete. UCLA Project Scientist Iman Mehdipour is part of the CarbonBuilt team.
Iman Mehdipour: So, if we can cut the cement content to produce construction materials and use the waste flue gas to produce concrete materials. I think that would be a good saving or good mitigation of the CO2 emission in the world.
Begger: The industry has done a really great job of engineering solutions for sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, mercury, ash, those types of things. And so, we see sort of the last hurdle is carbon capture, carbon controls. And so, can we engineer a technology solution like we've done for all of those other pollutants to one day get to a power plant that the only thing they're emitting is water vapor.
XPRIZE video: Imagine a world where everything around you is made from carbon emissions. From the products you use every day, to the clothes you wear, to the roads you drive on, to the buildings you live in.
Begger: If you can sell cinder blocks or chemical feed stocks or carbon fiber or all of those things, hand sanitizer, vodka, if there’s an economic profit driver behind that, then it’s probably going to happen a lot sooner.
Sharyl (on-camera): Two winners of the XPRIZE will be announced later this year and split a $15 million cash prize.
Richard Sinnott says
The story about the clean coal was excellent! It's good to know that such progress has been made, and that clean coal energy is a possibility.
Timothy Pultz says
Great story, I'm glad to hear that someone is working on this.
What are the things we can do with CO2?
Thats the big question
David Polley says
What could the coal plants do if they got the subsidies that wind and solar do ?
You can't replace nuclear, natural gas and coal with wind and solar. They can't meet the demand
during high load requirements. They are fine to compliment but they should not get 150% subsidy.
Without all the subsidy they get they wouldn't be in business. People like AOC like to sound like they are experts on electricity but when it gets down to it they are really clueless.
Roger Williams says
firstname.lastname@example.org Miss Attkisson My name is Roger Williams and I am a retired coal miner and I live in Big Stone Gap Virginia and I saw you talking about the Power Plant in Gillette Wyoming and what I an ritting to you about Is there is a plant all most like the one in Wyoming about 20 miles from where I live in Wise County at St Paul Virginia and they have been trying to shut it down ever since President Obama ran for President and he was the main one to try to get it closed and I agree with the man you talked to at the Wyoming plant it does not need to be shut down if any thing we need more of these Plants they do not pollute and they do not pollute near as much as the air planes that every one in Congress and Senate go home on What needs to be dun is mine more coal and put people back to work and use our coal we have in America not destroy Coal and use all the different kinds of energy it wont work on just one type no matter which the politicians choose so will you look in to this and try to help our County and our People Thank You Roger Williams