The following is an excerpt from MedPage Today.
Researchers are keeping a close eye on what appears to be a rapidly developing global outbreak of monkeypox virus.
This isn't like previous encounters with the virus. The widespread nature of the outbreak and evidence of frequent human-to-human transmission has researchers questioning whether the virus has changed to become more transmissible.
While it will take some time before that can be known for sure, here's what science does know about monkeypox virus.
The monkeypox virus is a member of the family Poxviridae and the genus Orthopoxvirus, which includes variola (the virus that causes smallpox), vaccinia (which is used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus.
As of Friday, May 20, cases have been confirmed or are under investigation in the U.S. (Massachusetts and New York), U.K., Spain, Portugal, France, Canada, Sweden, and Italy.
The fact that not all the individuals infected traveled to West or Central Africa, where the disease is more common and mainly jumps to people though contact with animals, suggests that the virus may be spreading under the radar.
While this has given epidemiologists pause, there's no proof yet that the virus has changed to become more transmissible.
Much of the transmission so far has occurred among men who have sex with men, but that certainly doesn't mean it's limited to that community.
Generally, monkeypox is not easily spread between humans. According to the CDC, human-to-human transmission is thought to primarily occur through large respiratory droplets.
Other means of transmission include direct contact with body fluids or lesions, and indirect contact with lesion material through contaminated clothing or bedding, also known as fomites.
Among the first symptoms to appear are flu-like symptoms, including fever, aches, and fatigue. Monkeypox infection also involves swelling of the lymph nodes.
Then, typically 1 to 3 days later -- though sometimes longer -- a rash develops, according to the CDC. It often starts on the face before spreading to other parts of the body.
Illness typically lasts about 2 to 4 weeks.
According to the CDC, there's no proven treatment for monkeypox specifically, but the smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and vaccinia immune globulin can be used. (Continued)
Read more here.
The Lemonade Mermaid Store
Unique gifts for Land or Sea Mermaids, Mer-pets and Little Mermaids!
Left: Our signature Fish Scales design tote bag in Citrus